The farming system of district Nainital is generally an integration of food grains, vegetables, fruits and livestock production system. Cows and Buffalo are the main livestock of the villages. The major contribution for sustainable production is dependent on 85-95 percent area, which is rainfed.
Four farming situations have been identified based on the elevation, irrigation, soil type and vegetation. A brief description of these situations is given below.
|S.N.||Farming Situation||Altitude(m)||Soil||Principal Crops|
|1||Bhabar plain including foot hills||400-600||Sandy loam||Rice, wheat, maize, soybean, ragi, zinger, lentil, pea, tomato, cole crops, brinjal, bhindi, guava, jackfruit.|
|2||Lower hills (Rainfed & Irrigated)||600-1200||Alluvial sandy loam||Rice, wheat, soybean, maize, tomato, potato, cauliflower, frenchbean, mango, lime, peach & pear.|
|3||Mid hills (Rainfed & Irrigated)||1200-1700||Brown forest soil||Rice, wheat, ragi, potato, tomato, french bean, pea, capsicum, cole crops, madira, peach, plum, pear, chilli, maize, gahat, bhat, citrus.|
|4||High hills (Rainfed)||1700-2500||Red black clay||French bean, potato, cabbage, pea, apple, pear, walnut.|